Spinal Arthritis – The most common causes of low back pain are from a Pinched Nerve or Nerve Impingement. This is caused when pressure or impingement is created on the nerve roots in the spinal canal.
Pressure or impingement on nerve roots in the Spinal canal can be caused by:
Herniated Disc – A herniated disc, (also called bulging disc or slipped disc) is a rupture that extrudes into the spinal canal often brought on by repeated vibration or motion (as during machine use or sport activity, or when lifting improperly), or by a sudden heavy strain or increased pressure to the lower back. Back pain and leg pain can result when the herniated disc pinches one of the nerves. A herniated disc in the lumbar region can affect the nerves, which runs from your Spinal cord to your leg. Compression or inflammation of this nerve causes Sciatica – a sharp, shooting pain in your lower back, buttocks and leg. A herniated disc is also referred to as a bulging disc, ruptured disc or slipped disc. As a disc degenerates, it can herniate (the inner core extrudes) back into the spinal canal. The light blue oval area is the disc and it is bulging into the spinal canal on the lower right side of the disc. A lumbar herniated disc can cause pain to radiate all the way down the legs and into the foot. In the area of the cervical spine, a cervical herniated disc may cause the pain to radiate from the neck down the arm into the fingers.